Welcome to KSCITA!
The Crisis Intervention Team is a community partnership that addresses the needs of mental health consumers who enter the judicial system. The primary goals of CIT are to reduce injuries to officers and mental health consumers during contacts, and to appropriately redirect mental health consumers from the judicial system to the services and support needed to stabilize consumers and reduce contact with police. Kansas CIT Association (KSCITA) was esblished to support these efforts and continue to build partnerhips throughout Kansas.
How did CIT get started?
Memphis, Tennessee In 1987, Joseph Robinson, a young man who struggled with mental illness, died as a result of a violent encounter with the Memphis Police Department. His death became the triggering incident for a unique collaboration between the police, the community, mental health advocates, and mental health services. The common goal was to create a system of ongoing support that gave law enforcement the training and resources needed to increase the likelihood of positive outcomes when dealing with mental health consumers in crisis. What evolved from the collaboration was the nation’s first Crisis Intervention Team program, now known as the Memphis Model. Since its initial launch in 1988, the Memphis Model has inspired CIT programs nationwide. San Jose, California According to Sharon Roth, a long-time volunteer for the National Alliance for the Mentally Ill (NAMI), and family member of a mental health consumer, the first CIT program to be introduced to the State of California was in 1998. Lt. Brenda Herbert of the San Jose Police Department (SJPD) reached out to Major Sam Cochrane of the Memphis Police Department and NAMI volunteer Sharon Roth to help her bring a CIT program to SJPD. With positive support from San Jose Police Chief William Lansdowne, the SJPD CIT program was successfully established and continues to thrive. Today, there are 19 individual CA POST-certified CIT courses designed in California. Many of these courses serve multiple agencies within a community, and are offered several times a year.
What is a Crisis Intervention Team?
A Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) is a self-initiated community partnership between local law enforcement, county health services, mental health advocates, and mental health consumers. It is designed to address the needs of mental health consumers who enter the judicial system during a crisis state. Each CIT is unique, developed in response to the challenges and resources of the community it serves.
Why is there a need for CITs?
Treatment services and specialized housing for individuals with mental illness has decreased over the years, creating a rising demand on law enforcement to help mental health consumers in crisis. According to the Mental Illness and the Criminal Justice System: A Review of Global Perspectives and Promising Practices (pdf), to further complicate the rising demand, law enforcement interactions with mental health consumers can:
What are the goals of CIT?
The primary goals of a CIT are to: